عنوان مقاله [English]
The people of ancient Elam, as the first inventors of tattoos, handed down sets of visual motifs for the posterity. These motifs, later on, appeared in the tattoos of women in Khuzestan. Since such motifs are deeply rooted in mythical beliefs and ancient symbols, it is necessary to identify such motifs and the tattoos related to them which are commonly applied in Khuzestan. What do Elami motifs mean and what are the similarities between the ancient motifs and those applied by people in Khuzestan? are the questions of the present research. The present research aimed to identify the cultural similarities between Elami civilization and those of current Khuzestan which is the continuation of the former. “Despite the cultural differences between Elami civilization and those of other ancient civilizations, many cultural motifs and popular traditions of Elami civilization indicate that there have been numerous cultural similarities between Elami people and Arab people now living in Khuzestan. These similarities include tattoo designs, men and women dress, carpet designs, myths, beliefs and traditions”, Walter Hinz(1964) writes in his book The Lost World of Elam: Re-creation of a Vanished Civilization. Likewise, in a study entitled Examination of Men’s Motifs in Elami Civilization, Dadvar and Taheri(2014) state that men’s motifs showing hair and beard style, dress and men bodies, commonly used in Elami works, imply the special place of men in Elami civilization.