عنوان مقاله [English]
Problem Definition: It is noteworthy to study the presence of women in contemporary painting in the two neighboring countries of Afghanistan and Tajikistan and to process similar aspects within a civilization like culture, language, and art. Moreover, the type of government of the two countries as the Islamic Republic and Republic, and the proximity of Tajikistan to Russia and other civilizational factors, despite all the similarities, have caused differences in the representation of women in contemporary paintings of the two countries. The current study questions which artists from these two nations have depicted the female face in their works, as well as evaluating the similarities and differences between them?
Objective: The present study to explain and be aware of the similarities and differences between the representation of women in contemporary painting in Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
Research Method: The present study follows a descriptive-analytical method by using existing library resources and archives.
Results: The portray of women is similarly represented in both countries. In contemporary Afghan painting (from the Amani era until the end of Ghani's presidency), double symbolism in the representation of women in the realms of love and self-sacrifice is observed and in Tajikistan, the religious narrative of the woman as Eve and the beginning of the universe is also traceable. The female body is also a means of expressing and confirming the sufferings of this segment of Afghan society, and realism verifies these pains. On the other side, the representation of the female body in Tajikistan is based on the application and equivalency of Western academic teachings. In addition, realism in the recording of women's daily lives is seen in the works of both countries. Thugh, there is a aimsstrong emphasis on problems such as women's suffering and tradition critique, freedom of speech, and women's rights in Afghanistan compared to Tajiks. The contrast between tradition and modernity is present in the paintings of both countries, but in Afghanistan, in addition to diversity in style and materials, it emphasizes the critical aspect, while in Tajikistan, this has led to more diversity and imitation in style. What is important in the representation of women in contemporary painting in both countries is the concept of respect and admiration towards women.