عنوان مقاله [English]
Problem Definition: The Khamseh tribe along with the Qashqai society is considered as a carpet producing tribe in the Fars province. The Ghani clan of the Arab Khamseh tribe is one of the most famous carpet weaving clans. This clan have settled in the villages of Sarchehan city during the last three decades and carpet weaving has continued in these villages since their establishment. This article seeks to answer the following question: what is the current situation of carpet weaving in Sarchehan villages in terms of design, patterns, color and weaving structure?
Objective: Identifying the technical and formal characteristics of hand-woven carpets in the settled villages of the Arab Khamseh tribes in the Sarchehan area.
Research Method: This research has been conducted in a descriptive-analytical manner, apart from the historical sections obtained through library study, most of the information in the article is based on field research obtained from the region. In the specialized part of this research, analysis of the artifacts is carried out.
Results: Findings of the research based on the analysis of 28 carpets show that the medallion designs; three medallions, four medallions, multi medallions are mains composition. Herbal, animal and human motifs are woven geometrically and modeled on the surrounding nature, as well as based on their beliefs and convictions. In recent samples, the number and variety of designs have been reduced and non-geometric designs have been used naturally. Technically, symmetrical knots are used. The raw materials are wool (warp, weft, pile) and the warp making is fixed; also, the fibers were dyed with chemicals.